ChatGPT as a Copilot - Discovering the history of racing and motorcycle technology with artificial intelligence

a robot repairing an old motocross motorcycle in a rugged garage setting


In the previous article 'ChatGPT as Copilot – Motorcycle Trip Planning with the Support of Artificial Intelligence', we explored the potential of ChatGPT in motorcycle trip planning. Now, we are broadening our perspective and exploring how the system can provide insights into the history of racing and technology. This article will take you into the world of motorsport origins, legendary personalities, and technological innovations.

What is ChatGPT and how can I use it?

ChatGPT, a versatile AI tool by OpenAI that we have already introduced in the first article, is accessible at It not only allows insights into the world of motorsport but also enables the discovery of hidden stories and technical details of racing. By simply entering your questions, you can dive deep into the fascinating history of motorsport.

 "Risks and Side Effects"

As discussed in the first part of our series, it is important to critically examine the responses from ChatGPT. Despite its advanced capabilities, ChatGPT's knowledge is based on data up to the year 2022 and should therefore be supplemented with trustworthy sources. Be careful not to disclose any sensitive personal information to ensure the security of your data.

Ways to Discover Racing and Technology History

To demonstrate the versatility of ChatGPT in discovering the captivating world of off-road motorcycling, we will take a look at some example queries you can pose to the system.

These examples are meant to inspire you and serve as a starting point for your own explorations. They show how ChatGPT can be used to delve deeper into the history and technical evolution of off-road motorcycling:

Racing History

  • How did the origins of off-road motorcycling evolve into today's MX and Enduro disciplines?
  • What are the most important moments in the history of motocross and why are they significant?
  • Who are the most influential Enduro riders in history and what makes them so significant?
  • Tell me about the most famous motocross tracks worldwide and their historical development.
  • How has freestyle motocross evolved?
  • What role did off-road motorcycles have in wars/military and what intersections to the sport exist?
  • How has the role of women in motocross changed over time?
  • How has motocross influenced pop culture?
  • How have sponsors and advertising shaped the history of motocross?

Technology History

  • What are the key moments in the historical development of Enduro motorcycles?
  • How have the engines of Enduro and motocross motorcycles evolved over the decades?
  • How has the technology of suspension and damping in off-road motorcycles developed over time?
  • To what extent has the Enduro sport influenced motorcycle design and technology?
  • Explain the historical development of electronics in off-road motorcycles.
  • How has the design of exhaust systems in off-road motorcycle racing evolved?
  • Describe the evolution of motorcycle clothing and equipment in off-road sports.
  • What impact have motocross and Enduro had on the motorcycle industry?
  • Describe the historical development of tires in the Enduro sport and their impact on performance.


Here are a few selected prompts and the system's responses:

How did the origins of off-road motorcycling evolve into today's MX and Enduro disciplines?  The origins of off-road motorcycling can be traced back to the early 20th century when motorized motorcycles were first developed. As riders sought to explore and push the limits of their machines, off-road riding naturally emerged. The evolution of off-road motorcycling into today's MX (Motocross) and Enduro disciplines can be outlined as follows:  Early Off-Roading: In the early 1900s, motorcycles were primarily used for transportation, but adventurous riders quickly began to take them off-road for recreation. They started exploring unpaved trails, dirt roads, and even rugged terrain, testing the limits of their machines.  Motocross Emerges: Motocross, as we know it today, began to take shape in Europe after World War II. The sport gained popularity in the 1950s and 1960s, primarily in the United Kingdom and Europe. Motocross involved racing on closed, natural-terrain circuits that featured a mix of dirt, gravel, jumps, and obstacles. Riders began to modify their bikes for better off-road performance, and manufacturers started producing specialized motocross bikes.  Formalization of MX: In 1952, the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) recognized motocross as an official discipline. This marked the formalization of motocross racing, with standardized rules and regulations. The sport continued to grow in popularity, and national and international championships emerged.  Enduro Development: Enduro racing also has roots in Europe and gained prominence during the mid-20th century. Enduro events are longer distance races that combine off-road sections with on-road transitions. Riders must navigate challenging terrain, including forests, hills, and trails, making Enduro a test of endurance and skill. The International Six Days Enduro (ISDE) began in 1913 and is one of the oldest off-road motorcycle events.  Evolution of Technology: The development of technology and improvements in motorcycle design played a significant role in the evolution of MX and Enduro. Manufacturers started producing purpose-built motocross and enduro motorcycles with features such as enhanced suspension, lightweight frames, and powerful engines, tailored to the demands of each discipline.  Growth and Specialization: As the popularity of motocross and enduro grew, the disciplines began to specialize further. Supercross, a variant of motocross held on tight, man-made tracks with large jumps, gained popularity in the United States. Extreme Enduro events, characterized by exceptionally challenging terrain and obstacles, also emerged as a distinct discipline.  International Competitions: Motocross and Enduro both have well-established international competitions and series, such as the FIM Motocross World Championship (MXGP) for motocross and the FIM Enduro World Championship. These events attract top riders from around the world and showcase the skills and technology of the sport.  Today, MX and Enduro remain popular forms of off-road motorcycling, with dedicated riders and enthusiasts, professional racing circuits, and a thriving industry supporting the sport. The disciplines continue to evolve, with new technology, safety measures, and innovations shaping the future of off-road motorcycling.

Who are the most influential Enduro riders in history and what makes them so significant?   Enduro riding has seen many influential riders throughout its history, each contributing to the sport's growth and development. While opinions on the most influential Enduro riders may vary, here are some of the most notable figures and what makes them significant:  Taddy Blazusiak: Hailing from Poland, Taddy Blazusiak is renowned for his dominance in the world of Extreme Enduro. He has won multiple Erzbergrodeo Red Bull Hare Scramble events and numerous SuperEnduro World Championships. Taddy's technical riding skills and competitive spirit have made him a legend in the Extreme Enduro scene.  Juha Salminen: The Finnish rider Juha Salminen is often considered one of the greatest Enduro riders in history. He won 13 consecutive World Enduro Championships from 1999 to 2011, displaying exceptional consistency and skill. His accomplishments elevated the sport's profile and inspired countless riders worldwide.  Kailub Russell: Kailub Russell is a highly influential rider in the realm of American off-road and GNCC (Grand National Cross Country) racing. He has dominated the GNCC series with numerous championships and is known for his incredible speed and versatility in various off-road conditions.  David Knight: Hailing from the Isle of Man, David Knight is renowned for his Extreme Enduro prowess. He has won the Erzbergrodeo Red Bull Hare Scramble and the Roof of Africa multiple times. Knight's skill in navigating treacherous terrain and his achievements in Extreme Enduro have made him a respected figure in the sport.  Stefan Merriman: The Australian rider Stefan Merriman is a former World Enduro Champion and played a significant role in raising the profile of Enduro racing in Australia. His successes on the international stage helped bring attention to Enduro as a sport and encouraged more riders to participate.  Mika Ahola: The late Finnish rider Mika Ahola was a four-time World Enduro Champion, demonstrating remarkable consistency and dedication to the sport. His untimely passing in 2012 left a void in the Enduro community, but his legacy continues to inspire riders worldwide.  Graham Jarvis: Known as the "Silent Assassin," Graham Jarvis is a British Extreme Enduro specialist. His incredible technical skills and numerous wins in events like the Erzbergrodeo, Romaniacs, and Hells Gate have made him a living legend in the Extreme Enduro world.  These riders have left a lasting impact on Enduro riding through their achievements, dedication, and contributions to the sport. They have inspired the next generation of riders and helped elevate Enduro racing to new heights, both nationally and internationally.

What are the key moments in the historical development of Enduro motorcycles?  The historical development of Enduro motorcycles has seen several key moments that have shaped the evolution of these bikes and the sport itself. Here are some of the most significant milestones:  Post-War Era: After World War II, many surplus military motorcycles were available, and riders started modifying them for off-road use. These early adaptations laid the groundwork for what would become Enduro motorcycles.  Introduction of Two-Strokes: In the 1950s and 1960s, the development of two-stroke engines revolutionized off-road motorcycle design. Two-stroke engines provided more power in a lighter package, making them well-suited for Enduro racing. Manufacturers like Husqvarna, Bultaco, and Maico began producing specialized Enduro motorcycles.  Formalization of Enduro Racing: In 1968, the International Six Days Enduro (ISDE), also known as the ISDT (International Six Days Trial), played a crucial role in formalizing Enduro racing. This prestigious annual event showcased the abilities of both riders and motorcycles and encouraged further development in the sport.  Introduction of Four-Strokes: While two-strokes dominated the early years of Enduro, four-stroke engines began to make a comeback in the 1970s and 1980s. Honda's introduction of the XR series and Yamaha's XT models were among the first four-stroke Enduro bikes, marking a shift in the market.  Advancements in Suspension: The development of advanced suspension systems, including long-travel forks and rear shock absorbers, greatly improved the handling and comfort of Enduro motorcycles. These innovations allowed riders to tackle more challenging terrain with confidence.  Electric Starters: The adoption of electric starters in Enduro motorcycles made them more user-friendly and reduced the physical demands on riders. This innovation enhanced the accessibility of Enduro riding and attracted a broader range of enthusiasts.  Advancements in Materials: The use of lightweight materials, such as aluminum frames and carbon fiber components, contributed to significant weight reductions and improved handling in modern Enduro bikes.  Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI): EFI systems replaced carburetors in many modern Enduro motorcycles, offering better fuel efficiency, smoother power delivery, and improved performance at varying altitudes.  Ride-by-Wire Technology: The integration of ride-by-wire technology allowed for customizable engine mapping, traction control, and other electronic aids, enhancing the adaptability of Enduro bikes to different riding conditions.  Continuing Evolution: Enduro motorcycles continue to evolve, with manufacturers regularly introducing new models and features to meet the demands of competitive riders and enthusiasts. These developments include improved engine management systems, advanced safety features, and electronic rider aids.  These key moments in the historical development of Enduro motorcycles reflect the ongoing quest for lighter, more powerful, and more versatile machines that can tackle a wide range of off-road challenges. Today, Enduro motorcycles are highly specialized and finely tuned machines designed for the specific demands of the sport.

How has motocross influenced pop culture?  Motocross has had a significant influence on pop culture, and its impact can be seen in various aspects of entertainment, fashion, advertising, and more. Here are some ways in which motocross has left its mark on pop culture:  Movies and Television: Motocross has been a recurring theme in movies and TV shows, contributing to its visibility in popular culture. Films like "Motocrossed," "Dirtbike Kid," and "On Any Sunday" have brought motocross to the big screen. TV series like "Nitro Circus" and "Red Bull X-Fighters" have also featured motocross and freestyle motocross (FMX) prominently.  Video Games: Motocross-themed video games like the "MX vs. ATV" series, "Supercross," and "Monster Energy Supercross - The Official Videogame" have gained a dedicated following. These games allow players to experience the thrill of motocross racing and perform stunts in virtual worlds.  Apparel and Fashion: Motocross-inspired clothing and fashion trends have become popular, with motocross jerseys, pants, and gear influencing streetwear and urban fashion. Motocross-style graphics, bold logos, and vibrant colors are often incorporated into clothing designs.  Music and Music Videos: Motocross has made appearances in music videos, adding an edgy and adrenaline-pumping aesthetic to various music genres. Artists like Travis Barker, Kid Rock, and Blink-182 have featured motocross scenes in their music videos.  Advertising and Sponsorships: Motocross and its associated brands have been featured in advertising campaigns by major companies. Energy drink brands like Red Bull and Monster Energy have been closely associated with motocross, sponsoring riders and events, and using motocross imagery in their marketing.  Athlete Influencers: Professional motocross riders and FMX athletes have become influencers on social media platforms. Their lifestyles, training routines, and adventures off the track attract followers and influence trends in extreme sports and outdoor activities.  Merchandise and Collectibles: Motocross-themed merchandise, including clothing, accessories, and collectibles, is popular among fans and collectors. Vintage motocross memorabilia and retro motocross graphics are especially sought after.  Sports Events and Spectatorship: Motocross events, such as Supercross races, have a dedicated fan base and attract spectators worldwide. These events offer a unique atmosphere with high-energy music, intense racing, and enthusiastic crowds.  Art and Graphic Design: Motocross graphics and artwork have influenced graphic design and street art, with their bold colors and dynamic shapes being incorporated into various art forms.  Motocross Celebrities: Iconic riders like Ricky Carmichael, Travis Pastrana, Jeremy McGrath, and Ken Roczen have achieved celebrity status both within and outside the motocross community, contributing to the sport's visibility in mainstream culture.  Overall, motocross has permeated pop culture in various ways, blending the excitement of extreme sports with elements of fashion, music, entertainment, and lifestyle. Its rebellious and daring spirit continues to resonate with audiences, making it a lasting and influential presence in the cultural landscape.

How has the technology of suspension and damping in off-road motorcycles developed over time?  The technology of suspension and damping in off-road motorcycles has evolved significantly over time to enhance performance, control, and rider comfort. Here's an overview of how this technology has developed:  Early Suspensions: In the early days of off-road motorcycles, suspensions were rudimentary, consisting of simple telescopic forks in the front and twin shock absorbers in the rear. These suspensions had limited travel and lacked adjustability.  Introduction of Adjustable Suspensions: As the sport progressed, manufacturers started offering adjustable suspensions, allowing riders to fine-tune their bikes for different terrain and rider preferences. Adjustable features included preload, compression damping, and rebound damping adjustments.  Development of Long-Travel Suspension: To handle rough off-road terrain, manufacturers began incorporating long-travel suspension systems with increased travel in both front forks and rear shocks. This allowed motorcycles to better absorb impacts and maintain stability.  Upside-Down Forks: In the late 1970s, upside-down (inverted) forks became more common in motocross and off-road motorcycles. These forks provided increased rigidity and better damping characteristics, improving handling and performance.  Linkage Suspension Systems: Linkage-type rear suspension systems, which connect the rear shock to the swingarm via a linkage mechanism, became popular. These systems offered improved control over the rear wheel's movement, reducing the risk of bottoming out and enhancing traction.  Air Forks and Shocks: Air forks and shocks gained popularity for their adjustability and weight savings. Riders could fine-tune their suspension by adjusting air pressure, providing a customizable setup for different conditions.  Electronic Suspension: Some high-end off-road motorcycles now feature electronically adjustable suspension systems. These systems allow riders to make real-time adjustments to compression damping, rebound damping, and preload settings via onboard electronics.  Progressive Damping Technology: Suspension technology has evolved to incorporate progressive damping characteristics, which adjust the damping force based on the velocity and impact intensity. This helps maintain control and comfort over varying terrain.  Advanced Materials: The use of advanced materials like titanium, carbon fiber, and high-strength alloys has reduced suspension component weight while maintaining durability.  Remote Reservoir Shocks: Remote reservoir shocks, which separate the shock's damping chamber from the main body, are used in high-performance off-road motorcycles. They offer increased oil volume, better cooling, and more consistent damping.  Integration of Smart Technology: Some modern off-road motorcycles are equipped with sensors and smart technology that adapt suspension settings automatically based on rider inputs, terrain, and riding conditions.  Improved Seals and Bushings: Advancements in sealing technology and bushing materials have extended the life of suspension components, reducing maintenance requirements.  Overall, the development of suspension and damping technology in off-road motorcycles has been marked by increased adjustability, better performance, and enhanced rider comfort. These advancements have allowed riders to push the boundaries of off-road riding while maintaining control and confidence in various terrains. Manufacturers continue to invest in research and development to further improve the suspension systems of off-road motorcycles.

What impact have motocross and Enduro had on the motorcycle industry?  Motocross and Enduro have had a significant impact on the motorcycle industry, influencing various aspects of design, marketing, and product development. Here are some key ways in which these off-road disciplines have shaped the motorcycle industry:  Technological Advancements: Motocross and Enduro racing have driven technological advancements in motorcycle design. Manufacturers have developed specialized bikes with improved suspension systems, lightweight materials, powerful engines, and advanced electronics to meet the demands of off-road riding.  Product Diversification: The popularity of motocross and Enduro has led to a wide range of specialized motorcycles being offered by manufacturers. These include motocross bikes, enduro bikes, dual-sport motorcycles, and adventure bikes, catering to a broad spectrum of riders and terrain preferences.  Performance Innovation: The competitive nature of motocross and Enduro racing has spurred innovation in engine performance, handling, and overall bike capabilities. Many features first developed for racing bikes have made their way into production motorcycles.  Safety Improvements: Motocross and Enduro have driven advancements in rider safety gear, including helmets, body armor, gloves, and boots. Manufacturers continually improve the protection and comfort of these products to enhance rider safety.  Aftermarket and Accessories: The aftermarket industry for motocross and Enduro parts and accessories has grown significantly. Riders can customize and enhance their motorcycles with a wide array of products, from exhaust systems to handlebars to graphics kits.  Brand Sponsorships: Major motocross and Enduro events are often sponsored by motorcycle manufacturers and related brands, providing exposure and promotional opportunities. This association with racing helps build brand recognition and credibility.  Marketing and Promotion: The excitement and athleticism of motocross and Enduro have been used in marketing campaigns to promote motorcycles and related products. These sports help create a sense of adventure and adrenaline that appeals to riders and enthusiasts.  Rider Development: Motocross and Enduro have fostered the growth of rider training schools and academies. These programs teach riders of all levels essential skills and safety techniques, benefiting both new riders and experienced enthusiasts.  Recreational Riding: The popularity of motocross and Enduro racing has encouraged recreational off-road riding. Many riders who do not compete in races still enjoy off-road trails and tracks, contributing to the demand for off-road motorcycles.  Global Influence: Motocross and Enduro have a global following, with international events and competitions drawing riders, spectators, and media attention from around the world. This global influence has expanded the motorcycle market beyond regional boundaries.  Youth Development: Motocross and Enduro have youth classes and competitions, fostering the development of young riders. This helps create a pipeline of talent that can potentially become professional racers or lifelong enthusiasts.  In summary, motocross and Enduro have played a crucial role in driving innovation, diversification, and growth within the motorcycle industry. These off-road disciplines continue to inspire both manufacturers and riders, pushing the boundaries of what is possible in terms of performance and technology in the motorcycle world.

Alternatives to ChatGPT

ChatGPT version 3.5 was released in fall 2022, and the system is continuously optimized. However, it still has some weaknesses. The following alternatives can be considered:


  • Hugging Chat (free): An open-source alternative based on the European AI model Mixtral. The quality of the responses is usually at a high level. The website can be used without registration as a guest:
  • Google Bard (free): Google has also released an AI. The model answers in detail with good to medium quality. It sometimes loses the thread with follow-up questions.
  • ChatGPT Plus (currently 20 USD/month): The paid version of ChatGPT offers access to ChatGPT version 4, with a significant improvement in terms of the quality of responses, length of texts, and consistency. Information about ChatGPT Plus can be found here: ChatGPT Plus
  • Copilot by Microsoft (free): The underlying system can also perform internet searches and partially uses GPT 4 from OpenAI to generate answers. Especially in creative mode, the answers can be convincing. The Copilot app is available for Android and iOS, or it can be used via the browser on the desktop:

General Tips

If the system does not produce the desired answers, you can also try the following methods and prompts:

  • "Create a list of …"
  • "… Proceed step by step in your answer"
  • "How can I …"
  • "What alternatives are there?"
  • "What would … recommend?" (takes the perspective of another person/role)
  • "Answer briefly / in detail"
  • "Please explain the procedure."
  • "Please explain that in more detail."

Depending on the question, it can also be useful to provide examples of the desired answer. The system only outputs a certain amount of characters per request. If the output breaks off in the middle, you can prompt "continue" to have the text continued.

Also note that ChatGPT can lose track of long discussions and forget parts of the original topic. To prevent this, you can repeat or summarize important information or questions.

Conclusion and Outlook

With its ability to unlock complex historical and technological topics, ChatGPT can act as a catalyst for your knowledge and passion for motorsport.

Look forward to more exciting articles in our series "ChatGPT as Copilot", where we continue to explore the potentials of this technology and show you how to make the best use of it.

Happy exploring! 😉

a robot riding a dirt bike, winning a motocross race


Author: Christoph Jadanowski /

Published date: 2024-01-31
This article also appeared on